You look familiar! Are you just another tech bubble?

Since the burst of the dotcom bubble in Mar’20, the NASDAQ Composite Index reached an all time high of 14,095.47 points on 17 February 2021



Since the burst of the dotcom bubble in Mar’20, the NASDAQ Composite Index reached an all-time high of 14,095.47 points on 17 February 20211 compared to where the index bottomed at 1,139.90 on 4 October 2002.

Today you have the world’s top 3 richest people made up of tech founders after Elon Musk overtook finance rock star Warren Buffett in mid-20202. “Frothy”, “toppy” and “bubble-like” are all common words used to describe current market conditions giving a sense of déjà vu when comparing the current valuation run-up to the tech bubble of the mid to late 1990s. So, what are we to make of this? Are we really in another tech bubble waiting to pop?

To assess this question, we looked for key differences between the current boom compared with the dot-com period:

  1. Close to 0% Interest Rates – During the time when stocks peaked in the 1999/2000 period, the US Federal Reserve simultaneously raised its interest rates to a new cycle-high. This created an alternative investment opportunity to booming tech stocks by creating attractive returns from bonds. With current interest rates being near 0%, there is no similar alternative for investors today and therefore fuelling liquidity in the equity market.

  2. Lessons learnt by internet giants – the largest companies such as Facebook, Amazon and Alphabet are capturing a majority of incremental market growth. The network effect created by these companies have allowed them to grow faster as they increased their user base. They appear to have learned from the mistakes that the big companies made in the dotcom era by obsessing over the need to ensure their technologies and business models stay relevant creating defensible moats around their business.

  3. Profits on tech stocks are now more in sync with prices – During the height of the dotcom boom, share prices of internet companies outran their earnings potential, extending valuations to unsustainable levels. As you can see from the graph below, profits for technology companies today are materially more in sync with their share price than in the last boom.

Bloomberg chart

Source: Bloomberg. S&P 500 Information Technology Sector. As at Feb 2021.

Source: Bloomberg. S&P 500 Information Technology Sector. As at Feb 2021.

Source: Bloomberg. S&P 500 Information Technology Sector. As at Feb 2021.

4. Price-to-Book (P/B) and Price-to-Sales (P/S) ratios are climbing to dotcom levels – while Price-to-Earnings Ratios are materially lower than the 1999/2000 period, we note that a lot of the companies in the year 2000 had negative earnings. To provide an alternative valuation perspective we looked to the P/B and P/S ratios for the same period. We can see that P/S ratio has climbed to similar levels while the P/B ratio are a few steps behind. From this basis, valuation gaps between the two periods appear to be closer than their earnings may indicate.

Source: Bloomberg. S&P 500 Information Technology Sector. As at Feb 2021.

Source: Bloomberg. S&P 500 Information Technology Sector. As at Feb 2021.

We won’t attempt to predict the future of this tech boom saga as our crystal ball is as opaque as others. However, it is evident that this doppelganger of the dotcom era has many different characteristics which makes one question whether history will repeat itself (or when).


1. Yahoo Finance

2. Bloomberg Billionaires Index (as at 17 February 2021)

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